Grétry, André – Richard Coeur-de-lion, opera-comique en trois actes (Vocal score with French libretto)
For more information about the piece read the preface of the full score:
André Ernest Modeste Grétry was born February 11 1741, in Liège, part of the French speaking Wallonia region in Belgium. He eventually gained French citizenship and died in 1813 at the Hermitage, formerly the house of Rousseau, in Montmorency, France, after a long and successful career as an opera composer whose works remained popular from the 1770s into the early 19th century.
Grétry received his earliest musical training as a choirboy at the church of St Denis in Liège, where his father worked as a violinist. Grétry showed promise at a young age and was provided with composition and counterpoint lessons with local musicians. It was during this time he was exposed to Italian opera, which inspired Grétry and motivate him to pursue his musical studies in Italy. In 1759 he was awarded a place at the Collège de Liège in Rome, where he studied with Giovanni Battista Casali. Grétry composed his first opera, La vendemmiatrice, a well-received intermezzo prepared for the 1765 Carnival and performed at the Aliberti theatre in Rome. Grétry moved to Geneva in 1766, where he had the opportunity to meet Voltaire and compose his first opéra comique, Isabelle et Gertrude. At this point, Grétry had found his niche and continued to compose opéra comique for the duration of his lifetime. …
Read the preface of the full score > HERE