Gourzi, Konstantia

lullabies for three flowers, for violin and string orchestra (first print)


Gourzi, Konstantia – lullabies for three flowers, for violin and string orchestra (first print)

Konstantia Gourzi

(born in Athens/Greece, 31 March 1962)

Konstantia Gourzi’s name often appears as composer as well as conductor in the announcements of her concerts. Her portfolio of compositions includes not only operas, film music and works for music theatre and orchestra, but also numerous solo pieces and chamber music. Konstantia Gourzi’s musical work is documented in detail through radio recordings, television broadcasts and live streams. Recordings of her extensive discography were released at ECM, NEOS, NAXOS and SONY Classical.

Composer’s notes

lullabies for three flowers
for violin and string orchestra
2019, op. 82

lullaby for a rose
lullaby for a windflower
lullaby for jasmine

Commissioned by
Niklas Liepe for the project #GoldbergReflections

CD-Recording for Sony Classical, February 2020
Orchestra: NDR Radiophilharmonie
Violin: Niklas Liepe
Conductor: Jamie Philipps

Lullabies for three flowers is inspired by JS Bach’s “Goldberg Variations”. The soloist Niklas Liepe had commissioned a work with this connection, for solo violin and string orchestra.

Bach wrote his aria and ensuing variations for Count Hermann Carl von Keyserlingk who wanted some music by Bach to help him sleep. Bach’s pupil, Johan Gottlieb Goldberg, performed the piece for him in the evening, which is how it later got its name. The history of the Goldberg Variations inspired me to these lullabies and the form of miniatures for this composition. With my own variations I continue Bach’s work.

The lullabies for three flowers intend to make us more sensitive to the flowers, and thereby to the feelings of respect, compassion and care. We should not destroy nature; we must admire it, treat it gently, and realise how important and necessary it is for us – by its beauty, too. A lullaby is the perfect form for this, as it radiates trust, warmth and security.

In compositional terms, the themes of all three pieces flow quasi-horizontally along the same plain. Delicate melodies and rhythms intertwine and create a particular atmosphere and harmony, which connects the three lullabies together. I took the compositional inspiration and certain themes, harmonies and rhythms from the Aria, Variation 7, Variation 13 and Variation 22 and changed them, thus following the instruction of Bach’s “Aria with various changes”.

The interpretation of this music lies in the vitality of every single note, and the close interaction between the solo violin and the orchestra. The musical phrases between solo and orchestra are connected throughout each lullaby, so that there is no gap in the sound. Sometimes this sonic universe is evoked by the soloist alone; sometimes, in dialogue with the orchestra.

Picking up on Bach’s characteristic stylistic devices, the recurring ritenuto passages are played in basic tempo, so that the flow of sound is constantly continued and never stops. The energy of each lullaby remains intense, although the dynamics never reach a forte. Even extreme espressivo doesn’t dominate these lullabies and the vibrato is intended to be played to let the phrases breathe naturally.

For performance materials please contact Musikproduktion Höflich Munich

Konstantia Gourzi – A biographical essay > HERE

More infos abot the work > HERE

Score No.


Special Edition

Gourzi Edition


Violin & Orchestra


225 x 320 mm

Performance Materials



First print




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